The Ultimate Crane Guide: Types and Uses


Cranes have been an essential part of the working landscape for centuries. They are capable of heavy lifting and moving tasks of all kinds in the construction and manufacturing industries.

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With providing the ease of lifting and lowering loads beyond human capability in less or no time, they are being considered the most important part of every big project; whether it is the construction of high-rise buildings or huge flyovers in the middle of the sea.

Cranes were invented to do what a normal human cannot – achieving complex tasks and working in an environment that was hazardous to human. It is breath-taking to see how these simple yet strong machines have evolved to meet the variety of needs in industrial spaces.

Different cranes are crafted to meet the different requirements of users. Let’s read on to discuss some of the popular types of cranes:

#1 – Jib Cranes

These are one the robust cranes capable of lifting heavy weights with ease. They consist of a pillar fixed to the wall or mounted on the floor and a jib or boom that supports a movable hoist extending horizontally from the crane to help lift the goods from ground to top. Other than in construction businesses, jib cranes make a great companion on commercial and military ships.

#2 – Floating Crane

These cranes are used for the construction of bridges and ports. Also termed as crane ships, they are of great utility in loading and unloading the ships as well as lifting sunken ships from the water. However, their structure is built in a way that it is fixed and not rotatable like most of the other crane systems.

#3 – Harbor Crane

Just like floating cranes, harbor cranes are also deployed in port areas for loading and unloading of ships but come with greater flexibility. They are among the most powerful machines used to handle bulky materials, hence provide a greater degree of safety.

#4 – Crawler Crane

These cranes are specially built for use on rough terrains and are able to move with the help of caterpillar tracks called crawlers. Their loading capacities are as high as 3500 tons and are fully capable of traveling with a heavy load within the construction site.

#5 – Telescopic Crane

These types of cranes are the best choice when you need to transfer the objects to a high place. Since telescopic cranes can conveniently adjust their heights according to the situation, they can be used to build signal towers, aid in rescue operations, lift boats from the water, etc.

#6 – Aerial Crane

Best known as sky cranes, these robust machineries resemble a helicopter and can carry large loads skilfully. They are used where reaching by land becomes difficult. Due to their exceptional capacity to lift even the heaviest of materials, they are used to lift boats, cars, etc.

#7 – Railroad Crane

These cranes are dedicated to construction and repair of railway lines. They are designed with flanged wheels that make them travel only on railway tracks and not on normal roads. Railroad cranes also help in freight handling and accident recovery work.