The Ultimate Crane Guide: Types and Uses
With the ease of lifting and lowering loads beyond human capability in less or no time, they are considered the most important part of every big project, whether it is the construction of high-rise buildings or huge flyovers in the middle of the sea. Cranes were invented to do what a normal human cannot – achieving complex tasks and working in a hazardous environment. Seeing how these simple yet strong machines have evolved to meet the needs of various industrial spaces is breathtaking. Different cranes are crafted to meet the other requirements of users. Let’s read on to discuss some of the popular types of cranes:
#1 – Jib Cranes
These are one of the robust cranes capable of easily lifting heavy weights. They consist of a pillar fixed to the wall or mounted on the floor and a jib or boom that supports a movable hoist extending horizontally from the crane to lift the goods from ground to top. Besides in construction businesses, are a great companion on commercial and military ships.
#2 – Floating Crane
These cranes are used for the construction of bridges and ports. Also termed crane ships, they are greatly useful in loading and unloading the boats and lifting sunken vessels from the water. However, their structure is built to be fixed and not rotatable like most other crane systems.
#3 – Harbor Crane
Like floating cranes, harbor cranes are also deployed in port areas to load and unload ships but come with greater flexibility. They are among the most powerful machines used to handle bulky materials, providing greater safety.
#4 – Crawler Crane
These cranes are specially built on rough terrains and can move with caterpillar tracks called crawlers. Their loading capacities are as high as 3500 tons, and they can travel with a heavy load within the construction site.
#5 – Telescopic Crane
These cranes are the best choice when transferring objects to a high place. Since telescopic cranes can conveniently adjust their heights according to the situation, they can build signal towers, aid in rescue operations, lift boats from the water, etc.
#6 – Aerial Crane
Best known as sky cranes, these robust machinery resemble a helicopter and can carry large loads skilfully. They are used where reaching by land becomes difficult. Due to their exceptional capacity to lift even the heaviest materials, they are used to lift boats, cars, etc.
#7 – Railroad Crane
These cranes are dedicated to the construction and repair of railway lines. They are designed with flanged wheels that travel only on railway tracks, not normal roads. Railroad cranes also help in freight handling and accident recovery work.