Textiles Applications in Automotive Industry


With the rising degree of vehicle production and its corresponding global stocks primarily based on the rapid industrialization in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, plus the increasing call for in Eastern Europe, the proportion of textiles in motor vehicles is growing in response to more stringent consolation and safety needs in industrialized countries like the USA, Japan, and Western Europe.

Automobile textiles like nongarb fabrics are extensively utilized in automobiles like motors, trains, buses, planes, and marine vehicles. Hence, automobile textiles use all textile components, e., G. Fibers, filaments, yarns, and the fabric used in cars. Almost forty-five square meters of textile fabric are projected to be utilized in an automobile for indoor trim (seating area, headlines, facet panel, carpet, and trunk). According to a survey, the proportion of fabric in a motor car is two according to the overall weight of a vehicle. Apart from this, fabric additives, casting off hidden components, including tires and composites, hoses, and filters, amount to ten-11 kg with the vehicle in absolute phrases. Industrial textiles are utilized in automobiles and structures, which include cars, buses, trains, air crafts, and marine vehicles. In-car fabric enterprise, four forms of fabrics are used, specifically:

Automotive Industry

The airbag and seat belts used as protection measures are one of the ultra-modern varieties of textiles in cars and feature a capability marketplace for technical materials with massive scope for increase and improvement. Because of presidential rules and customer hobbies, the applications have been extremely successful during the last ten to fifteen years. In the previous decade, airbags or inflatable restraints have obtained noteworthy importance as a guard for the driving force and the passengers in case of an accident. Initially, the baggage had been made for a head-on collision; however, numerous other protection devices, like facet effect bags, knee bolsters, side curtains, etc., are available for safety in any crash. Because frontal collisions are the main cause of unintended deaths, airbags are being supplied as a general vehicle product through regulation, given airbag commercial enterprises’ fast increment in the ultimate decade. NHTSA and HHS document that airbag systems have saved many lives since 1985. In 2002, on my own, because of the airbag gadget, a 20 in step with cent discount in fatalities due to deadly collisions was determined.

In 1999, there were 55 million motors with eighty-one million airbags. In 2004, the range of frontal airbag units became almost a hundred million, and the number of side-impact airbags was nearly 65 million. In the same year, almost 23 percent of the new motors in North America had facet airbags for chest protection, and 17 percent had facet airbags for head protection. By 2005, this had multiplied to one hundred eighty million airbags and 65 million vehicles.


The international airbag market is envisioned to rise from 66 million devices in 1996 to over two hundred million gadgets in 2006, a compound annual growth charge of 12 percent. Over this decade, Europe will put in 60 million units, Asia-Pacific 30 million units, and North America 24 million devices. While North American and Western European markets are growing, sizable improvement is also seen inside the global market. New fabrics and combinations are being applied as new applications are developing for airbags, including rear-seat bags, inflatable seat belts, and an outdoor airbag machine for pedestrians. The front and passenger baggage have distinct requirements because of the occupant’s distance, but they both have fast increments and deflation in a concise period.

Rollover baggage needs to stay inflated for five seconds. In addition to new uses, expected tendencies include lighter fabric with more recent “cold inflators,” mixed with material and film, and new coating polymers (Silicone now dominates, having replaced neoprene). Airbags were first added in the past due to the Nineteen Sixties, but it was within the 1990s that their use expanded amazingly, and their miles were set to develop. This validates the studies and improvements on design, deployment, and the base fabric.

The possibilities for the fabric and making-up attempts are large in the location of airbag manufacturing. This is due to its large requirement, particularly given the law already imposed in many countries. Around 1.42 meters of material is needed to provide driving force facet airbags on light vans. This estimation suggests that the airbag marketplace is highly important for using technical textiles. Airbags are typically made through covered or uncoated fabrics of PA 6.6 yarns with lesser air permeability.

A cloth cushion is part of the textile element for an airbag, folded into the middle of the steerage wheel (for the driver) or within the glove compartment (for the front seat passenger). Generally, the bag is woven via nylon 6, 6 filament yarns, which might be in demand in huge portions due to their excessive energy-to-weight ratio, favorable elongation, good enough thermal residences, and a comparatively low fee of production. Other properties required are high tear power, excessive anti-seam slippage, managed air permeability, and success in being folded into constrained locations for over ten years without deterioration.


A triggering tool sets off explosive chemical substances while it senses a twist of fate above 35 km/h that is about to occur. These chemical substances maintain and cushion the automobile occupant from a collision with tougher objects. The cloth from which the bag is made must withstand the propellant chemicals’ power. Moreover, the recent gases must no longer penetrate the material and burn the auto occupant’s skin.

Automotive Industry

For airbags to perform their shielding feature, every machine’s function has to work with reliability and predictability. In frontal airbag initiation, the cushion begins to deploy within 20 ms after the collision and is a complete installation in 50 ms. Within this era, the bag has to unfold through the plastic cover, blown up, and fill the distance between the dashboard and the occupant.