Health and Sanitation Practices and Academic Performance of Grade VI



The provision of fitness sanitation is a key improvement intervention – without it, unwell health dominates an existence without dignity. Simply having access to sanitation will increase fitness, well-being, and monetary productiveness. Inadequate sanitation influences individuals, families, groups, and nations. Despite its significance, achieving real profits in sanitation coverage has been slow. Achieving the internationally agreed sanitation and hygiene objectives poses a large project to the global community and can only be accomplished if action is taken now. Low-price, appropriate technology is to be had. Effective program control tactics had been developed. Political will and concerted actions using all stakeholders can improve the lives of thousands and thousands of people inside the instantaneous future.

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Nearly forty percent of the sector’s population (2.Four billion) has no access to a hygienic way of personal sanitation. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.Eight million people die each yr from diarrheal diseases, 200 million human beings are infected with schistosomiasis, and soil-transmitted helminths infections afflict more than 1 billion humans. A Special Session on Children of the United Nations General Assembly (2002) pronounced that almost 5,500 youngsters die each day from sicknesses caused by contaminated food and water because of fitness and sanitation malpractice.

Sanitation Practices

Increasing access to sanitation and improving hygienic behaviors are keys to reducing this massive ailment burden. Such changes would require growth in faculty attendance, especially for girls, and help faculty children analyze higher. They could also have a prime impact on the economies of many countries – each rich and bad – and on women’s empowerment. Most of those advantages could accrue in growing nations.


The international community has set bold objectives for improving get entry to sanitation by way of 2015. Achieving these dreams can dramatically impact the lives of hundreds of tens of millions of the arena’s poorest human beings. It could open the door to additional economic development for tens of lots of communities. Access to good enough sanitation literally indicates crossing the most vital barrier to a life of dignity and fulfillment of basic wishes.

This examination determined the health and sanitation practices of the Grade VI scholars in selected public colleges in the district of Diadi, Province of Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines. This research project applied the descriptive correlation method of studies to set up the effect of the profile variables on the respondents’ health practices, sanitation practices, their instructional performance, and the connection between fitness and sanitation practices with educational performance. The following are the sizeable findings of the observation:

Twenty-five or 37.31 percent of the respondents are 12 years old; 41 or 61.19 percent are a woman; 47 or 70.14 percentage are Roman Catholics; 22 or 32.84 percent are Ilocano; 20 or 20.89 of the respondents’ fathers reached basic college level; 21 or 31.34 percent in their moms are college graduates; 50 or 74.63 percent of their fathers are farmers; 38 or fifty-six. Seventy-two percentage are housekeepers; 34 or 50.75 percentage have family earnings of five,000.00 and beneath; 38 or 56. Seventy-two percent have 4 to 6 own family members; 36 or fifty-three.73 percentage have 2 sanitation facilities, and 42 or sixty-two. 69 acquired 5 immunizations.

Health practices in the college received a grand suggestion of three.89; 3.Ninety for fitness practices inside the home; and 3.62 for health practices within the community, all qualitatively described as very excellent. The respondents perceived their sanitation practices inside the school as very satisfied with a grand mean of 3.Forty four; also very satisfactory for sanitation practices inside the domestic with three. Fifty-five; and again, very quality for sanitation practices in the community, with 3.26 grand suggest.

The perceived health practices of the respondents in the domestic significantly fluctuate whilst they are grouped according to father’s instructional attainment, mom’s educational attainment, father’s profession, mother’s profession, family monthly income, a form of residing, and a wide variety of sanitation facilities as evidenced with the aid of the computed t-check and F-check effects of two.39, 2.64, three.19, 3.28, 2.93, three.18, and three.19 respectively, which are better than the vital cost at 0.05 level of significance. On the other hand, age, gender, mother’s academic attainment, mom’s profession, kind of dwelling, and quantity of sanitation facilities triggered good-sized differences in the perceived fitness practices of the respondents inside the school as proven by way of the computed t-take a look at and F-take a look at effects of three.15, 2.03, 2.39, three.18, three., 16, and 3.Seventy four, respectively; all are higher than the critical values at zero.05 degree of significance. Significant variations have also been mentioned inside the respondents’ health practices within the network. At the same time, they’re grouped consistent with ethnicity, father’s educational attainment, mother’s instructional attainment, father’s occupation, mom’s occupation, the circle of relatives month-to-month income, variety of sanitation centers, and several immunizations obtained due to the fact the computed t-check and F-take a look at effects of two.76, 2.37, 2.41, 3.148, three. Sixteen, 2.Seventy nine, 3.26, and three.17 respectively are better than the essential values at 0.05 level of importance.

There exists a vast difference inside the respondents’ sanitation practices in the domestic whilst they may be grouped in keeping with gender, ethnicity, father’s academic attainment, mother’s educational attainment, family monthly income, residing, and quantity of sanitation facilities because the computed values of t-check and F-check results of 2.05, 2.79, 2.37, 2.Fifty one, 2.78, 3.29, and 3.16 respectively are better than the important values at zero—05 level of importance. Moreover, gender, ethnicity, father’s academic attainment, mother’s instructional attainment, the circle of relatives month-to-month income, and a wide variety of sanitation practices caused huge variant within the respondent’s sanitation practices within the college as evidenced with the aid of the computed values of two.15, 2.Eighty one, 2.42, 2.87, 2.Eighty three, and 3.Seventy nine respectively; all also are higher than the vital values at 0.05 stage of importance. On the other hand, the respondent’s perception of their sanitation practices inside the community differs whilst they are grouped in line with gender, father’s academic attainment, mother’s instructional attainment, father’s career, mother’s occupation, the circle of relatives month-to-month profits, and several sanitation facilities for the reason that computed t-test and F-take a look at consequences of 2.06, 2.37, 2.Forty one, three.17, three.148, 2.Seventy eight, and 3.25 respectively are better than the vital values at zero—05 stage of significance.

There is an enormous difference in the respondents’ academic achievements whilst grouped in line with gender, as indicated through the computed price of two.27, which is higher than 1.99 critical values—Father’s and mother’s educational attainment computed values of two. Seventy-four and 2.Sixty four, respectively, each better than the crucial value of 2.368. Their profession with three.17 and 3.27, respectively, both higher than the crucial value of 3.142, represents the wide variance in the respondents’ academic overall performance. Family monthly profits and variety of immunizations acquired, with the computed values of two.86 and 3.19, respectively, which might be higher than the essential values of 2.754 and three.142, respectively notably differentiated the respondents’ academic performances. The relaxation of the variables – age, religion, ethnicity, number of own family individuals, type of living, and range of sanitation centers-no longer reason sizable differences because the computed values of two, 94, 1.86, 2.Seventy one, 2.89, 1.Ninety-seven and three.08 respectively had been lower than the crucial values at 0.05 degree of significance.

There could be very significant dating among fitness practices and sanitation practices as evidenced with the aid of the computed r-fee of zero.72 that is higher than the crucial cost of zero.241 for sixty-five levels of freedom at zero—05 degree of importance, indicating excessive correlation, with a coefficient of determination of 51.84 percentage.

There exists a minimal wonderful correlation between fitness practices and educational overall performance, as indicated by using the computed r-fee of zero.238 with an equivalent computed t-price of 2.198, which is higher than the important t-fee of one.99 for 65 degrees of freedom at 0.05 stage of significance. The said correlation is great. Moreover, sanitation practices and academic overall performance have a small advantageous correlation, as evidenced through the computed r-price of 0.226 with an equivalent computed t-fee of 2.07 that is better than the critical t-price of one.99 for 65 levels of freedom at 0.05 level of importance. This result is statistically inferred as full-size.


Based on the foregoing big findings, hereunder are the conclusions.

1. The respondents are of their pre-adolescence degree, girl, Roman Catholics, Ilocano, have fathers who reached fundamental degree, mothers who’re college graduates, have fathers who are farmers, have moms who’re housekeeper, have low earnings, belong to medium-sized families, have concrete dwellings, have constrained sanitation centers and good enough immunization obtained.

2. The respondents also have very first-class health practices at home, college, and within the community. The same group of respondents has very nice sanitation practices at home, school, and great sanitation practices within the network.

3. The respondents have talented academic performance.

4. The respondents’ health and sanitation practices differ whilst they are grouped according to selected profile variables.

5. The respondents’ academic performance differs when they’re grouped consistent with gender, parents’ profession, family earnings, and quantity of immunizations received, but now not with age, ethnicity, the number of family members, type of dwelling, and a wide variety of sanitation facilities.

6. Very considerable dating exists between fitness practices and sanitation practices of the respondents.

7. Very sizeable correlation exists between the respondents’ health and sanitation practices and their educational overall performance.

Premised on the above-cited findings and conclusions, the following tips are offered:

1. Although the respondents reveal enjoyable fitness and sanitation practices, these ought to still be more desirable and sustained with the aid of implementing diverse fitness and sanitation programs.

2. The College, as the lead agency, ought to orchestrate its efforts with other government groups, which includes the DOH, DSWD, DENR, LGU, and non-authorities sectors for the sustainability of fitness and sanitation applications.

3. Activities geared in the direction of sustainability of fitness and sanitation have to be designed/conceptualized, along with looking for the healthiest pupil, maximum sanitary school room/faculty. They must be improved to the home and community.

4. The scheme of getting trainer-coordinators for each Turok should be bolstered to progress and maintain health and sanitation.

5. Since there may be sizable dating among fitness and sanitation practices and scholars’ academic overall performance, faculties should spearhead the provision of fitness and sanitation centers to keep pupils continually reminded of their fitness and sanitation practices.